Land preparation should be carried out early enough to allow thorough soil settling before
planting the crop. Water melon fruits are normally planted in hills with a spacing of 2 metres between rows and 1.5 metres within rows.4-5 seeds are sown in each hill and latter thinned to 3-4plants per hill. Manure is recommended at a rate of one medium size bucket per planting hole. DAP may be applied at a rate of 125g per planting hole at the time of sowing for vigorous growth of water melon fruits. This is an equivalent of 200kg of fertilizer per hectare. Nitrogen fertilizers are applied just before the plants start to run at the rate 0f 110kg of CAN fertilizerper hectare or 65gms per planting hill.
A second application is done just before flowering of the growing crop, at the rate of 130g per hill or 220kg per hectare. Maturity period is 4 months and planting should be timed such that harvesting takes place during the dry period for rain fed water melon growing. Maturity is reached when the tendrils opposite the fruits dies, a hollow sound is produced when slapped by hand, and the vegetative parts die. Yields of 15-30 tons per hectare are realized. Fungal diseases and melon fly are of economic importance in water melon fruits growing. Control is by using suitable pesticides.